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Lab number
Material dated
charcoal; charbon de bois
lowest terrace of the Souris River valley, 520 m asl, near the Oxbow Dam, Saskatchewan
Map sheet
62 E/01
R.W. Nero
Date submitted
July 11, 0096
Measured Age
5200 ± 130
Normalized Age
5200 ± 130
δ13C (per mil)
Archaic, Oxbow, anomalous, old; Archaïque, anormal, vieux
zone 2-3, possibly a mixture of Green's Levels 6 and 7
Associated taxa
Mammalia: Bison bison, Canis lupus?, Canis latrans?, Vulpes velox; Amphibia, Rana sp; Mollusca
Additional information
Average of two runs, 5100 +/- 210 BP and 5350 +/- 250 BP.
DhMn-1, Oxbow Dam: Charcoal was collected from a large hearth in a paleosol overlain by 9.5 feet (2.9 m) of silt and soil. Some of the five recovered projectile points were in the hearth. Although this is the Oxbow type site, the projectile points have been interpreted as representing late Mummy Cave "at the threshold of the Oxbow complex" (Dyck 1983: 92) or early Oxbow (Walker 1980; Spurling and Ball 1981: Table 3). Nero and McCorquodale (1958: 88) noted the similarity between these points and those from Long Creek, Level 8. S-44 is one of the earliest yet obtained on an Oxbow component. The site has been restudied by D'Arcy Green who has found as many as six palaeosols in a very complex stratigraphic sequence. The oldest diagnostic artifacts found by Green belong to the Oxbow complex and are dated by S-3648. A much older date, S-3644, was determined for an artifact-bearing level just below the Oxbow level, but no diagnostic artifacts were found in the older deposit. Green believes that S-44 is not reliably associated with the Oxbow complex and may have contained a mixture of charcoal from the Oxbow level and the level beneath it.