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Lab number
Field number
Material dated
charcoal; charbon de bois
Taxa dated
coniferous and deciduous taxa (id. by R.J. Mott)
300 m east of the Trans-Canada Highway, on a high terrace above a gravel pit at Four Falls, 108 m asl, south of Grand Falls, St. John drainage, Victoria County, New Brunswick
Map sheet
21 J/13
D.L. Keenlyside
Date submitted
July 9, 0097
Measured Age
1845 ± 60
Normalized Age
1845 ± 60
δ13C (per mil)
brown soil, eluviated A horizon, 18 cm depth
CeDw-9, Four Falls: The site lies on an early post-glacial terrace above the Aroostook River. A small assemblage (ca. 120 specimens) of heavily leached lithics was collected from the site. No diagnostic material was found to establish cultural affiliation, but the site location and provenience suggest considerable antiquity. The charcoal was examined by R.J. Mott (Wood identification report 91.66) who noted that numerous fragments were examined using incident light. The sample includes fragments from several taxa; both coniferous and deciduous woods are represented. Possibly two species of conifer and three species of deciduous wood may be included. The small size of the fragments would not allow suitable surfaces to be exposed for more precise identification. Of note, however, is the possibibility that several taxa may be present, an unlikely situation if the charcoal accumulation relates to debris from a forest fire. Keenlyside considers the date acceptable for this site, presumed to be a seasonal caribou or moose hunting camp.